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Communist Party of Norway Issue 2

Communist Party of Norway – On EU and the national question.

The majority of Norway’s population appreciates national liberty, sovereignty, safe social welfare rights, worldwide cooperation and good conditions for free development. The European Union (EU) represents the opposite. Therefore, the people has voted against EU membership in two referendi (1972 and 1994), and for 15 consecutive years in polls (per April 2020).

EU’s goal is supernational government. The EU accommodates profit maximation for major European transnational monopolies and financial capital. This makes the EU the greatest oppressor, and the 27 member nations the weak oppressors of imperialism. The former colonial power of the United Kingdom no longer accepted being governed by the EU, and made their Brexit. The Communist Party of Norway (NKP) hopes that more nations will follow suit.

Imperialism means that Capitalism has surpassed the boundaries of the national state. Lenin demonstrated that the essence of imperialism is the division of nations into oppressed and oppressor nations. Imperialism is a world system of oppression of peoples, and must be met with a common front of revolutionary movements and oppressed people of all countries, both on a national and international level.

Communists are socialist patriots and proletarian internationalists. We fight for the interests of the working class in a national context, while fighting in cooperation with the working class across borders. In Communism, there is no contradiction between national struggle and class struggle. Both are possible. NKP is part of the political popular movement No to EU, which has more than 20 000 members.

The bourgeoisie can promise neither national or social liberation. The working class and the people must fight for the ownership of the means of production in order to control production, in order to cover the people’s priority needs. The reactionary bourgeoisie is unable to solve the national question.

Through the EEC agreement, Norway is bound to the four liberties of the EU: Free movement of goods, services, capital and people, being the foundation of the EU’s market liberal project. Therefore, more than 12 000 EU directives and regulations have been imposed on Norway and its laws.

Brussels makes an increasing amount of decisions for Norway. Political power has been moved from the Norwegian parliament to the EU’s supernational, undemocratic institutions. Despite a theoretical right to reject EU resolutions, Norway has made more changes to national laws than any other EU country.

“Voluntary” and forced municipal and regional mergers have been made in Norway in recent years, in a regional reform ordered by the EU. In practice, these mergers lead to fewer publicly elected politicians, and therefore less democracy. While the communists want more public influence on democracy, the EU disguises their intentions with the illusion of self-governance in the EEC and member states.

A part of the national bourgeoisie is not a stranger to compromise with foreign capital. Bourgeois propaganda is therefore trying to convince people that Norway needs the EU, and persistently claim that Norway will not be able to sell their produced goods without EU membership.

The truth is that Norway is a lucrative market, and that the EU wants Norwegian goods. The majority of Norwegian exports to the EU are raw materials and semi-finished products. Shutting out Norwegian oil, gas, metals and fish would be damaging to the EU’s economy, and so would imposing taxes. Besides, the world is larger than the EU. Norway must be able to trade – and is trading – with all countries that have normal, voluntary trade connections, at the benefit of both parties. This will never harm the public interest of any country, only that of monopoly capital and their profits. The EU causes more limitations than benefits. We know that the EU’s goal of free flow of capital, heavy competition, overproduction and eternal economic growth do not combine with effective climatic measures. This is better solved by the nations themselves, who know their own nature. Through the EEC agreement, Norway is connected to the EU’s energy union and the EU-bureau ACER. NKP is of the opinion that Norwegian energy policies must be controlled from Norway. This will ensure the protection of employment, industry and the environment.

The idea that imports in the free EU market will always provide necessary goods, has been seriously challenged during the pandemic. The current capitalist crisis combined with the Corona virus showed us once again that in times of crisis, a bourgeois country only helps itself. Less than two months before Europe became the epicenter of the Corona pandemic, the European Center for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) wrote that European countries had the necessary capacity to prevent and control an outbreak. The death toll shows us the truth of the matter. Dismantlement and privatization of healthcare, defunding of welfare and a high unemployment, despite a lack of medical personnel, has negative consequences. The EU could not accommodate the Italian request for help. They instead received help from Cuba and China.

In Norway, emergency medical infrastructure had been all but dismantled because of the EU. Before joining the EEC, Norway had a state medicinal depot, whose task was to ensure the supply of medicine and medical equipment in case of a crisis. This was considered to contradict the EEC agreement, so the medical stocks were privatized, and the emergency infrastructure was dismantled.

To the dismay of the EU-commission, EU member states are introducing efforts to promote their own agricultural products at the cost of imports. The commission is threatening to punish member states that prevent the free flow of trade across borders. The EU does not exist for the advantage of the working class. Imperialism has major fundamental contradictions. The ambitions that the EU inner market, in union with internal solidarity, can be combined with the free flow of goods, where countries happily share their surplus with others, do not fit reality. This is because the governments of the member states are simultaneously serving two masters: Their own population and the supernational institutions of the EU. In times of crisis, this task becomes more impossible than it already is. In order not to lose legitimacy among their population, state leaders are forced to prioritize the immediate needs of their nations.

The nations need emergency stockpiles. From 2011, Norwegian grain stockpiles were no longer maintained. Norway is only covered with 3% of arable land, with 1.3% being able to support grain. Sweden has double this, while Denmark has 56% of their area available for food production. Finland is an example of a country with major stockpiles, despite EU membership. This is because Finnish law was established before EU membership. As opposed to Finland, Sweden and Norway have accepted the EU rationale. Sweden stopped keeping their stockpiles as a consequence of EU membership. It is argued that major stockpiles of produce contradicts the principles for a well functioning market, as this can lead to price fluctuations and affect delivery of goods.

While the EU were forced to loosen their rules for economical support and national debt as a consequence of the Corona crisis, they strongly maintain the rules for free flow of labour across borders.

Capitalists will not accept to lose, and will do everything they can to prevent communists from progressing. The result is anticommunism and the rewriting of history in the EU. An EU resolution from 2019 claims that the non-aggression pact resulted in the outbreak of World War II. We know the truth about how the Soviet union, led by Stalin, attempted several times to create a front along with Great Britain and France against Germany.

The EEC was a horse-trade between the social democrats and the lords of the EU at the time it was signed, at the people’s expense. Many rights that have been fought for, have become goods and services in a liberal market with free flow of capital and labour.

Norwegian companies are being acquired or cooperate with major international monopolies and financial capital. The communists fight against imperialism, and against national and international monopoly- and financial capital. The lack of ability to solve the national question clearly shows the reactionary character and decay of capitalism.

The era of imperialism is the greatest oppressor of nations. Now, more than 25 years after we were absorbed into the European Union through the EEC agreement, more and more Norwegians are realizing how this weakened our national immune defense. It is impossible to create a real people’s democracy under imperialism, as some petty bourgeois idealists are hoping to do.

Communists want a revolution towards a new system of society; Socialism-Communism. As such, the communists fight against social injustice and any form of oppression, and for a better standard of work and life for all people, along with the principles of national equal rights, the full freedom of nations, sovereignty, mutual respect, cooperation and the common struggle for peace and the final victory of socialism.

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Communist Party of Norway Issue 1

Communist Party of Norway – How may socialism look?

How may socialism look? Thoughts and ideas around our goal.

Our political theory only makes sense when it is based on real and not ideal conditions; that is with regard to significant rather than insignificant issues.

In other words, it is not the task of the Communist Party to predict how socialism will look in Norway, Scandinavia or the rest of the world. No-one knows the conditions in which the working class will take over.

The road to socialism can not be determined in advance. It is determined by the intensity of class struggle in the situation in which the question is raised. Perhaps Norway has been nearly obliterated? In that case, the tasks will be difficult. Perhaps the revolution – the transition from capitalism to socialism – has been practically bloodless, when the bourgeoisie has realised that the struggle is lost? Will we take over while owning capital in the petroleum fund? Perhaps EU, the Euro and NATO have been dissolved? This would make things easier. How is power in society distributed in other countries?

What we do know is that all historical experience has shown us that the workers’ revolution can only take place once the national bourgeoisie is unable to run society. And as long as capitalism exists somewhere in the world and there is a danger of military aggression, the state must persist.

Having said that, we as communists know that the workers must liberate themselves through conscious socialist class struggle. The working class can only take power when our ideas of scientific socialism are accepted by the majority of the population, and the working class is aware of its position and significance. We know this will happen, because this majority have common interests. The communists want those who produce wealth to control wealth in a more just society – socialism. Social authority or great wealth may not be inherited. The injustice of capitalism has led to a world where 26 people own resources and wealth equivalent to that of half of the poorest population. We will change this. The earth is owned by all.

Socialism is also a class society. The transition from capitalism to socialism is still different from other social transformations, in that it abolishes the exploiting class and the ruling class is represented by the majority.

In socialism, the bourgeois bureaucratic state is dismantled and replaced by instances that serve socialism. The first and most important task is to establish a socialist constitution, and make sure that the means of production are not in the hands of the bourgeoisie. The working class must work determinedly to cover their basic material and cultural needs. The principle will still be ‘from each according to their ability, to each according to their work’. At the same time, the working class will gradually and decisively reduce the influence and privilege of the bourgeoisie. A massive effort must be made to rescue the diversity of nature and reduce the plunder of non-renewable resources.

In socialism, the means of production or productivity of labour does not adequately secure a surplus of material wealth. In socialism, there is still state and collective ownership. In socialism, there is still the production and circulation of products. In socialism, the contradictions between cities and rural land – between mental and physical labour – are defeated, but there are still differences between them. Under socialism, labour still hasn’t become one of the fundamental human needs. The reckless attitude towards labour in some members of society are not defeated, and there is still a need for strict control of social consumption.

Socialist victory may only be considered final when the danger of intervention and restoration of capitalism is eliminated. Victory for socialism will only happen when a workers’ state is secured and all industry is completely and securely organized by the principles of collective enterprise using the most modern technology. 

When the social structure of Norway is changed from the ground up, when the Communist Party has united socialist principles with the workers’ movement, work on establishing the necessary military and police departments begins, and troops are brought home. Norway leaves all imperialistic organizations, and the working class takes control over the banks and credit authorities. Social control is also established in data and telecommunications, transport, energy supply and production, seaports, healthcare, food production and distribution, and education. The property of imperialist forces is expropriated. In socialism we will remove militarization, fascism and war, poverty, unemployment, anti-communism and the destruction of natural resources and the environment, in the union of theory and practice.

But the communists want to go further; our final goal is communism, where the means of production have reached a level allowing for the principle ‘from each according to their ability, to each according to their need’. The transition to this society doesn’t need to be sudden. This phase is reached when society owns the means of production. In this society, the community lays the foundation for a dynamic balance with nature. People have the opportunity to develop their abilities and needs freely on the basis of the common unity of social and individual interests, rules and culture. Since all people have the same social position, there will be no classes or contradictions. The most important task for the communist education of working people in the transition to communism is to educate people to work for the sake of enjoyment and for a bigger picture. Communism therefore requires a high degree of consciousness from all members of society.

Setting goals for production in socialism and communism secures the maximal achievement of constantly growing material and cultural needs in society.

The Communist Party of China and foregin media is convinced that Scandinavia is already socialist/communist. We know that this is not true, but the reason may be that the workers’ movement in our country has been historically strong.

Since Norway is a highly developed capitalist country, the Communist Party of Norway believe that socialism in Norway will develop further than in former socialist countries, and the attempts made around the world today.

NKP is of the opinion that capitalism can end for good, and that socialism – a more just society – is not just possible, but a dire necessity.